Average Temperature

Gibraltar Average Temperature

Graph view of average temperatures by month for
Gibraltar, Gibraltar (U.K.)

Table view of average temperatures by month

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Annual

Min and Max represent the coldest and warmest average months on record.

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Facts Other Than Average Temperature
Climate DetailsMediterranean with mild winters and warm summers
BackgroundStrategically important, Gibraltar was reluctantly ceded to Great Britain by Spain in the 1713 Treaty of Utrecht; the British garrison was formally declared a colony in 1830. In a referendum held in 1967, Gibraltarians voted overwhelmingly to remain a British dependency. The subsequent granting of autonomy in 1969 by the UK led to Spain closing the border and severing all communication links. A series of talks were held by the UK and Spain between 1997 and 2002 on establishing temporary joint sovereignty over Gibraltar. In response to these talks, the Gibraltar Government called a referendum in late 2002 in which the majority of citizens voted overwhelmingly against any sharing of sovereignty with Spain. Since the referendum, tripartite talks on other issues have been held with Spain, the UK, and Gibraltar, and in September 2006 a three-way agreement was signed. Spain agreed to remove restrictions on air movements, to speed up customs procedures, to implement international telephone dialing, and to allow mobile roaming agreements. Britain agreed to pay increased pensions to Spaniards who had been employed in Gibraltar before the border closed. Spain will be allowed to open a cultural institute from which the Spanish flag will fly. A new noncolonial constitution came into effect in 2007, but the UK retains responsibility for defense, foreign relations, internal security, and financial stability.
Coastline12 km
Terraina narrow coastal lowland borders the Rock of Gibraltar
Geographic Overview
Geographic Coordinates36 08 N, 5 21 W
Elevation Extremes
Natural HazardsNA
Current Enviornmental Issueslimited natural freshwater resources: large concrete or natural rock water catchments collect rainwater (no longer used for drinking water) and adequate desalination plant
Environmental Agreements
Agriculture Productsnone
Natural Resourcesnone
Population28,002 (July 2008 est.)