Average Temperature

Melbourne Average Temperature

Graph view of average temperatures by month for
Melbourne, Australia

Table view of average temperatures by month

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Annual

Min and Max represent the coldest and warmest average months on record.

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Facts Other Than Average Temperature
Climate Detailsgenerally arid to semiarid; temperate in south and east; tropical in north
BackgroundAboriginal settlers arrived on the continent from Southeast Asia about 40,000 years before the first Europeans began exploration in the 17th century. No formal territorial claims were made until 1770, when Capt. James COOK took possession in the name of Great Britain. Six colonies were created in the late 18th and 19th centuries; they federated and became the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901. The new country took advantage of its natural resources to rapidly develop agricultural and manufacturing industries and to make a major contribution to the British effort in World Wars I and II. In recent decades, Australia has transformed itself into an internationally competitive, advanced market economy. It boasted one of the OECD's fastest growing economies during the 1990s, a performance due in large part to economic reforms adopted in the 1980s. Long-term concerns include climate-change issues such as the depletion of the ozone layer and more frequent droughts, and management and conservation of coastal areas, especially the Great Barrier Reef.
Coastline25,760 km
Terrainmostly low plateau with deserts; fertile plain in southeast
Geographic Overview
Geographic Coordinates27 00 S, 133 00 E
Elevation Extremes
Natural Hazardscyclones along the coast; severe droughts; forest fires
Current Enviornmental Issuessoil erosion from overgrazing, industrial development, urbanization, and poor farming practices; soil salinity rising due to the use of poor quality water; desertification; clearing for agricultural purposes threatens the natural habitat of many unique animal and plant species; the Great Barrier Reef off the northeast coast, the largest coral reef in the world, is threatened by increased shipping and its popularity as a tourist site; limited natural fresh water resources
Environmental Agreements
Agriculture Productswheat, barley, sugarcane, fruits, cattle, sheep, poultry
Natural Resourcesbauxite, coal, iron ore, copper, tin, gold, silver, uranium, nickel, tungsten, mineral sands, lead, zinc, diamonds, natural gas, petroleum
Population20,600,856 (July 2008 est.)